All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
How was citizenship defined before and after the 14th Amendment?
Before the Fourteenth Amendment, a native born citizen was a citizen of a State, and a native born citizen of the United States, when aboard. Before the Fourteenth Amendment, an alien or foreigner could become a naturalized citizen of the United States or a naturalized citizen of a State.
How does the 14th Amendment protect citizenship?
The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former enslaved people—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and …
What does the 14th Amendment to the Constitution say?
No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
How does Document 1 define citizenship?
Document 1 . . . All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
What constitutes an American citizen?
You are a United States citizen is if you were born anywhere in the United States or its territories, including Puerto Rico, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands. And if you were born in another country and then naturalized, you are also a U.S. citizen.
What did 15th amendment do?
The amendment reads, “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” The 15th Amendment guaranteed African-American men the right to vote.
What does the 17th Amendment mean for dummies?
Seventeenth Amendment, amendment (1913) to the Constitution of the United States that provided for the direct election of U.S. senators by the voters of the states. … This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.
Why is 15th amendment important?
The purpose of the 15th Amendment was to ensure that states or communities were not denying men the right to vote simply based on their race, such as black codes that limited African-American social and working rights.
What are my constitutional rights as a citizen?
Right to a prompt, fair trial by jury. … Right to apply for federal employment requiring U.S. citizenship. Right to run for elected office. Freedom to pursue “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”
Is there a constitutional right to life?
Does the U.S. Constitution say Americans have a right to life? No. The U.S. Constitution never mentions “the right to life.” The word “Life” is found but only once in the Consitution.
When was 15th amendment passed?
15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Voting Rights
Passed by Congress February 26, 1869, and ratified February 3, 1870, the 15th amendment granted African American men the right to vote.
What are the two means of obtaining US citizenship?
There are two primary sources of citizenship: birthright citizenship, in which a person is presumed to be a citizen if he or she was born within the territorial limits of the United States, or—providing certain other requirements are met—born abroad to a United States citizen parent, and naturalization, a process in …
What must an immigrant agree to become a citizen?
Be of the minimum required age (typically, at least 18) Continuously and physically live in the United States as a green card holder for a certain number of years. Establish residency in the state or U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) district where they intend to apply. Have “good moral character”
What is citizenship article?
Section 2. Natural-born citizens are those who are citizens of the Philippines from birth without having to perform any act to acquire or perfect their Philippine citizenship. Those who elect Philippine citizenship in accordance with paragraph (3), Section 1 hereof shall be deemed natural-born citizens.