The basic rule is that you cannot submit your Form N-400 to apply for U.S. citizenship (or apply to naturalize) until you have lived in the United States as a lawful permanent resident for at least five years.
How long does an immigrant have to live in the US to become a citizen?
In general, you may qualify for naturalization if you are at least 18 years old and have been a permanent resident for at least 5 years (or 3 years if you are married to a U.S. citizen) and meet all other eligibility requirements.
How long must a legal alien live in the US before they can go through the naturalization process *?
Continuous Residence Requirement. An applicant for naturalization under the general provision must have resided continuously in the United States after his or her lawful permanent resident (LPR) admission for at least 5 years prior to filing the naturalization application and up to the time of naturalization.
What is the 4 year 1 day rule for U.S. citizenship?
The 4 year 1 day rule mostly works as follows. Once you’ve broken continuous residency, a new period will begin to run on the first day you return to the U.S. Form the day you must stay in the U.S. for a minimum of 4 years and 1 day before you can apply for naturalization again.
How long does it take to become a US citizen in 2021?
How long does it take to become a U.S. citizen? The national average processing time for naturalization (citizenship) applications is 14.5 months, as of June, 2021. But that’s just the application processing wait time (see “Understanding USCIS Processing Times” below).
Can I apply for citizenship before 5 years?
You may file Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, 90 calendar days before you complete your permanent residence requirement if your eligibility for naturalization is based upon being a: Permanent resident for at least 5 years; or. Permanent resident for at least 3 years if you are married to a US citizen.
Does the 2 years of conditional green card count towards citizenship?
As long as you become a permanent resident at the end of your conditional residence period, your two years as a conditional resident will count toward the waiting period for citizenship.
Can you stay on green card forever?
Once you become a lawful permanent resident (Green Card holder), you maintain permanent resident status until you: Apply for and complete the naturalization process; or. Lose or abandon your status.
Why my 10 years green card take so long?
The waits are especially long for people attempting to immigrate from China, Mexico, India, and the Philippines, due to the high demand from those countries. In addition to the fixed worldwide totals, 50,000 extra green cards are given each year through the ethnic diversity visa or lottery category.
How do you count 5 years to become a U.S. citizen?
As a permanent resident, you are generally eligible for naturalization after five years. This is the most common way that people apply to become a U.S. citizen. To qualify, you must have lived in the U.S. continuously for the five years immediately preceding the date you file Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.
Can I apply for citizenship after 3 years?
As a permanent resident who is married to a U.S. citizen, you may be eligible for naturalization after just three years. … To qualify, you must have lived in the U.S. continuously for the three years immediately preceding the date you file Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.
How long can a legal resident be out of the country?
If you are a lawful permanent resident (green card holder), you may leave the U.S. multiple times and reenter, as long as you do not intend to stay outside the U.S. for 1 year or more.
How long does a green card last?
A Permanent Resident Card (USCIS Form I-551)
Although some Permanent Resident Cards, commonly known as Green Cards, contain no expiration date, most are valid for 10 years. If you have been granted conditional permanent resident status, the card is valid for 2 years.
How long does it take for immigrants to get a green card?
In most cases, it takes about two years for a green card to become available, and the entire process takes around three years.
How long does it take to become a U.S. citizen without a green card?
You also must have physically lived in the United States for at least 30 months (two-and-a-half years) out of those five years. If you’ve served in the U.S. military for any period during wartime, you can apply anytime and need not be a green card holder.