What did migrant workers do during the Dust Bowl?

Dust Bowl migrants squeezed into trucks and jalopies—beat-up old cars—laden with their meager possessions and headed west, many taking the old U.S. Highway 66.

How did the Dust Bowl affect migrant workers?

California: The Promised Land

The arrival of the Dust Bowl migrants forced California to examine its attitude toward farm work, laborers, and newcomers to the state. The Okies changed the composition of California farm labor. They displaced the Mexican workers who had dominated the work force for nearly two decades.

What do migrant workers do?

A migrant worker is a person who migrates within a home country or outside it to pursue work. Migrant workers usually do not have the intention to stay permanently in the country or region in which they work.

Where did Dust Bowl migrants go and what did they do?

In the rural area outside Boise City, Oklahoma, the population dropped 40% with 1,642 small farmers and their families pulling up stakes. The Dust Bowl exodus was the largest migration in American history. By 1940, 2.5 million people had moved out of the Plains states; of those, 200,000 moved to California.

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What was life like for migrant workers?

Migrant workers lacked educational opportunities for their children, lived in poverty and terrible housing conditions, and faced discrimination and violence when they sought fair treatment. Attempts to organize workers into unions were violently suppressed.

What is the Dust Bowl and how does it apply to migrant workers?

Migrants Fled Widespread Drought in Midwest

“Farm communities in the larger region were also hurt by falling cotton prices. All of this contributed to what has become known as the Dust Bowl migration,” Gregory says.

What jobs did migrant workers do in the 1930s?

The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl (a period of drought that destroyed millions of acres of farmland) forced white farmers to sell their farms and become migrant workers who traveled from farm to farm to pick fruit and other crops at starvation wages.

What was a migrant farmer?

migrant worker

A farm labourer who is disenfranchised in the country in which he or she works, whose domicile changes as different crops are harvested.

What was the migrant Labour system?

The migrant labour system was an historical system used to reconcile the conflicting need for cheap labour in the mines and cities, with the apartheid ideology that workers should not reside there on a permanent basis.

Where did migrant workers work?

Today farms in many countries hire migrant workers. In North America migrant workers often harvest crops that must be picked by hand. In India they help to harvest tea, cotton, and rice. Migrant workers in Australia and South America also do farm work, especially sheep shearing.

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How did the Dust Bowl cause migration?

In 1931, a severe drought hit the Southern and Midwestern plains. As crops died and winds picked up, dust storms began. … In the early 1930s, thousands of Dust Bowl refugees — mainly from Oklahoma, Texas, Colorado, Kansas, and New Mexico — packed up their families and migrated west, hoping to find work.

Where Did farmers migrate to during the Dust Bowl?

In the 1930s, farmers from the Midwestern Dust Bowl states, especially Oklahoma and Arkansas, began to move to California; 250,000 arrived by 1940, including a third who moved into the San Joaquin Valley, which had a 1930 population of 540,000. During the 1930s, some 2.5 million people left the Plains states.

What were typical working conditions for migrant workers?

Working conditions were often unsafe and unsanitary. Migrant workers had to follow the harvest of different crops, so they had to continue to pack up and move throughout California to find work. When the migrant workers weren’t working, they enjoyed recreational and social activities. Many sang and played instruments.

What were the working conditions the farm workers faced?

The conditions the farmworkers faced were deplorable. Often times they had no electricity, running water, or bathrooms. Their homes consisted of tents, or some even lived out of their cars and trucks. Some had to pay two or more dollars per day for unheated metal shacks, that were usually infested with mosquitoes.

What did migrant workers do in their free time?

When they were not working or looking for work, or tending to the civil and domestic operations of the camp, the migrants found time to engage in recreational activities. Singing and making music took place both in private living quarters and in public spaces.

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