Under United States law, a refugee is someone who: Is located outside of the United States. Is of special humanitarian concern to the United States. Demonstrates that they were persecuted or fear persecution due to race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group.
What are the 6 types of refugees?
Different Types of Refugees: Why They Flee
- Refugee. …
- Asylum Seekers. …
- Internally Displaced Persons. …
- Stateless Persons. …
- Returnees. …
- Religious or Political Affiliation. …
- Escaping War. …
- Discrimination based on Gender/Sexual Orientation.
Who determines whether a person is a refugee?
Refugee Status Determination, or RSD, is the legal or administrative process by which governments or UNHCR determine whether a person seeking international protection is considered a refugee under international, regional or national law.
Are refugees legal?
People who are recognized as refugees are allowed to stay in Canada and may apply for permanent residence status, and eventually may apply to become Canadian citizens.
Who are not refugees?
First there are the internally displaced – those who haven’t crossed an international border. Second are those fleeing violence who are not being directly persecuted. The third, very controversially, is climate change – those displaced by environmental disaster in general and climate change events in particular.
How long can you be a refugee?
As of end-2018, the median duration of exile stands at 5 years, i.e. half of the refugees worldwide have spent 5 years or less in exile. The median has fluctuated widely since the end of the Cold War, in 1991, between 4 and 14 years.
What are the 5 Convention grounds?
The five enumerated grounds listed in Art. 1A(2) of the Geneva Refugee Convention and Protocol : race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion which must be the reason for persecution .
How do I become a legal refugee?
In order to be considered a refugee in the U.S., an individual must:
- be located outside of the U.S.
- be of specific humanitarian apprehension for the U.S.
- be able to validate previous persecution or feared approaching persecution based on the individual’s race, religion, nationality, social class, or political outlook.
What human rights do refugees have?
 Ibid.  The Refugee Convention contains certain rights provisions- protection from refoulement, protection against unlawful expulsion or detention, the right to employment and education, access to the courts, and freedom of movement.
What’s the difference between a refugee and asylum seeker?
Definition: An asylum seeker is someone who claims to be a refugee but whose claim hasn’t been evaluated. … Someone is an asylum seeker for so long as their application is pending. So not every asylum seeker will be recognised as a refugee, but every refugee is initially an asylum seeker.
What it means to be a refugee?
Refugees are people who have fled war, violence, conflict or persecution and have crossed an international border to find safety in another country. … Refugees are defined and protected in international law.