The White Australia policy involved the exclusion of all non-European people from immigrating into Australia, and was the official policy of all governments and all mainstream political parties in Australia from the 1890s to the 1950s, and elements of the policy survived until the 1970s.
What was the Australian immigration policy?
About the White Australia policy
The Immigration Restriction Act was one of the first Commonwealth laws passed after Federation. It was based on the existing laws of the colonies. The aim of the law was to limit non-white (particularly Asian) immigration to Australia, to help keep Australia ‘British’.
What was Australia’s immigration policy until 1973?
Firstly, the Whitlam government in 1973 abolished the “White Australia” policy, which thus led to ‘multiculturalism’ being the new source of immigration policy. This was enhanced further by the Fraser government also, and entailed a broader approach to immigration, allowing people of all races into the country.
What is migrated policy?
A recent definition describes migration policies as: “… a government’s statements of what it intends to do or not do (including laws, regulations, decisions or orders) in regards to the selection, admission, settlement and deportation of foreign citizens residing in the country” (Bjerre et al ., 2015).
What is the White Australia Policy 1901?
White Australia policy, formally Immigration Restriction Act of 1901, in Australian history, fundamental legislation of the new Commonwealth of Australia that effectively stopped all non-European immigration into the country and that contributed to the development of a racially insulated white society.
What are 3 major events that brought immigrants to Australia?
Australia’s Immigration History
Driven by the promise of a new life the Great Southern Land, waves of immigrants came to find fortune in the gold rush, to escape the social upheaval of the Industrial Revolution, two world wars and the aftermath of the Vietnam War.
What is Australia’s current refugee policy?
Seeking asylum in Australia, or elsewhere, is not illegal. In fact, it is a basic human right. All people are entitled to protection of their human rights, including the right to seek asylum, regardless of how or where they arrive in Australia, or in any other country.
What was Australia’s immigration policy after ww2?
Between 1945 and 1965 more than two million migrants came to Australia. Most were assisted: the Commonwealth Government paid most of their fare to get to Australia. In return they had to stay in Australia for at least two years and work in whatever jobs the Government gave them.
Why did Australia’s immigration policy have to change after World War Two?
Following the attacks on Darwin and the associated fear of Imperial Japanese invasion in World War II, the Chifley Government commissioned a report on the subject which found that Australia was in urgent need of a larger population for the purposes of defence and development and it recommended a 1% annual increase in …
When did white Australia policy?
The Immigration Restriction Bill, which enacted the white Australia policy, was initiated in the House of Representatives by Prime Minister Edmund Barton on 5 June 1901, nine sitting days after the Duke of York had opened the Australian Parliament on 9 May 1901.
Why are migration policies important?
Integration policies are essential to achieve inclusive and sustainable economic growth in countries of destination and contribute to the wellbeing of migrants. Globally, 59 per cent of Governments have introduced a policy or programme aimed at integrating non-nationals into their society.
Which country has the best migration policy?
According to USNews.com, the top five best countries for immigrants in 2018 include Canada, ranked #1, followed by Switzerland, Sweden, Australia, and Germany.
Why do countries have migration policies?
As such, immigration policies across nations can be influenced by local levels of economic competitiveness and the need to allow immigration to boost said competitiveness, or by the desire to restrict immigration in order to prevent immigrants dominating the workforce due to their lower labour costs.
How did the White Australia policy influence Australia?
The White Australia policy had an immediate impact, rapidly changing demographics. By 1947 only 2.7% of the whole population was born outside of Australia, Ireland or the United Kingdom. … Though only 1.25% of the Australian population in 1901, it had shrunk to around 0.21% by the late 1940s.
What was the White Australia policy quizlet?
Enforced to all people who were non-white and wanted to get into Australia. They had to take a test where they were presented with any ‘European Language’ and had to translate 50 words.
What is the White Australia Policy Aboriginal?
The ‘Aboriginal Problem’
Assimilation policies proposed that “full blood” Indigenous people should be allowed to “die out” through a process of natural elimination, while “half-castes” were encouraged to assimilate into the white community.